Red Hat Linux 7.2

The Official Red Hat Linux x86 Installation Guide

Red Hat, Inc.
2600 Meridian Parkway
Durham, NC 27713
Phone: +1 919 547 0012
Phone: 888 733 4281
Fax: +1 919 547 0024
PO Box 13588
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Table of Contents
Document Conventions
How to Use This Manual
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1. Steps to Get You Started
Step 1 - Do You Have the Right Red Hat Linux Components?
Where to Find Other Red Hat Linux Manuals
Why You Should Register Your Red Hat Linux Boxed Set
No Boxed Set? No Problem!
Step 2 - Is Your Hardware Compatible?
Step 3 - Do You Have Enough Disk Space?
Installation Disk Space Requirements
Step 4 - Can You Install Using the Red Hat Linux CD-ROM?
Alternative Boot Methods
Making Installation Diskettes
Step 5 - Which Installation Class is Best For You?
Workstation Installations
Server Installations
Laptop Installations
Custom Installations
Upgrading Your System
2. Installation Options and System Requirements Tables
3. Installing Red Hat Linux
The Installation Program User Interface
A Note about Virtual Consoles
Starting the Installation Program
Booting the Installation Program
Selecting an Installation Method
Beginning the Installation
Installing from CD-ROM
Language Selection
Keyboard Configuration
Mouse Configuration
Welcome to Red Hat Linux
Install Options
Disk Partitioning Setup
Automatic Partitioning
Partitioning Your System
Graphical Display of Hard Drive(s)
Disk Druid's Buttons
Partition Fields
Recommended Partitioning Scheme
Adding Partitions
Editing Partitions
Deleting a Partition
Partitioning with fdisk
Boot Loader Installation
Rescue Mode
Alternative Boot Loaders
SMP Motherboards, GRUB, and LILO
GRUB Password
Network Configuration
Firewall Configuration
Language Support Selection
Time Zone Configuration
Account Configuration
Setting the Root Password
Setting Up User Accounts
Authentication Configuration
Package Group Selection
Selecting Individual Packages
A Brief Introduction to GNOME
A Brief Introduction to KDE
Unresolved Dependencies
X Configuration
Video Card Configuration
Preparing to Install
Installing Packages
Boot Disk Creation
X Configuration
Configuring Your Monitor
Custom Configuration
Installation Complete
4. Installing Red Hat Linux via Text Mode
Things You Should Know
Basic Hardware Configuration
Video Configuration
Network-related Information
The Installation Program User Interface
Using the Keyboard to Navigate
Starting the Installation Program
Text Mode Boot Options
Displaying Online Help
Installation Cross-reference Table
Identify Disk Partition to Install From
Installing over a Network
Setting Up the Server
NFS Setup
FTP Setup
HTTP Setup
A. Upgrading Your Current System
What it Means to Upgrade
Upgrading Your System
Upgrading Your Filesystem
Customizing Your Upgrade
Installing a Boot Loader
Rescue Mode
Alternative Boot Loaders
SMP Motherboards, GRUB, and LILO
GRUB Password
Selecting Packages to Upgrade
Unresolved Dependencies
Upgrading Packages
Upgrade Complete
B. Removing Red Hat Linux
C. Getting Technical Support
Remember to Sign Up
An Overview of Red Hat Support
Scope of Red Hat Support
How to Get Technical Support
Signing up for Technical Support
Questions for Technical Support
How to Send Support Questions
D. Troubleshooting Your Installation of Red Hat Linux
You are Unable to Boot Red Hat Linux
Are You Unable to Boot from the CD-ROM?
Are You Unable to Boot from the Local Boot Disk?
Are You Unable to Boot from PCMCIA Boot Disks?
Is Your System Displaying Signal 11 Errors?
Are You Unable to Boot from a Network Boot Disk?
Trouble Beginning the Installation
Trouble Using PCMCIA Boot Disks?
Is Your Mouse Not Detected?
Problems with Booting into the Graphical Installation
Trouble During the Installation
Partition Creation Problems
Using Remaining Space
Other Partitioning Problems
Are You Seeing Python Errors?
Problems After Installation
Trouble With the Graphical GRUB Screen?
Trouble With the Graphical LILO Screen?
Problems with Server Installations and X
Problems When You Try to Log In
Does Netscape Navigator Crash on JavaScript Pages?
Your Printer Will Not Work Under X
Is Your RAM Not Being Recognized?
Problems with Sound Configuration
E. An Introduction to Disk Partitions
Hard Disk Basic Concepts
It is Not What You Write, it is How You Write It
Partitions: Turning One Drive Into Many
Partitions within Partitions -- An Overview of Extended Partitions
Making Room For Red Hat Linux
Partition Naming Scheme
Disk Partitions and Other Operating Systems
Disk Partitions and Mount Points
How Many Partitions?
One Last Wrinkle: Using GRUB or LILO
F. Driver Disks
Why Do I Need a Driver Disk?
So What Is a Driver Disk Anyway?
How Do I Obtain a Driver Disk?
Using a Driver Disk During Installation
G. Configuring a Dual-Boot System
Allocating Disk Space for Linux
Add a New Hard Drive
Use an Existing Hard Drive or Partition
Create a New Partition
Installing Red Hat Linux in a Dual-Boot Environment
Disk Partitioning
Configuring the Boot Loader
Partitioning with FIPS