PHP Manual

Stig Sæther Bakken
Alexander Aulbach
Egon Schmid
Jim Winstead
Lars Torben Wilson
Rasmus Lerdorf
Andrei Zmievski
Jouni Ahto

Edited by

Stig Sæther Bakken
Egon Schmid


Table of Contents
I. Getting Started
1. Introduction
2. A simple tutorial
3. Installation
4. Configuration
5. Security
II. Language Reference
6. Basic syntax
7. Types
8. Variables
9. Constants
10. Expressions
11. Operators
12. Control Structures
13. Functions
14. Classes and Objects
15. References Explained
III. Features
16. HTTP authentication with PHP
17. Cookies
18. Handling file uploads
19. Using remote files
20. Connection handling
21. Persistent Database Connections
22. Safe Mode
23. Using PHP from the command line
IV. Function Reference
I. Apache-specific Functions
II. Array Functions
III. Aspell functions [deprecated]
IV. BCMath Arbitrary Precision Mathematics Functions
V. Bzip2 Compression Functions
VI. Calendar functions
VII. CCVS API Functions
VIII. COM support functions for Windows
IX. Class/Object Functions
X. ClibPDF functions
XI. Crack functions
XII. CURL, Client URL Library Functions
XIII. Cybercash payment functions
XIV. Crédit Mutuel CyberMUT functions
XV. Cyrus IMAP administration functions
XVI. Character type functions
XVII. Database (dbm-style) abstraction layer functions
XVIII. Date and Time functions
XIX. dBase functions
XX. DBM Functions
XXI. dbx functions
XXII. DB++ Functions
XXIII. Direct IO functions
XXIV. Directory functions
XXV. DOM XML functions
XXVI. .NET functions
XXVII. Error Handling and Logging Functions
XXVIII. FrontBase Functions
XXIX. filePro functions
XXX. Filesystem functions
XXXI. Forms Data Format functions
XXXII. FriBiDi functions
XXXIII. FTP functions
XXXIV. Function Handling functions
XXXV. Gettext
XXXVI. GMP functions
XXXVII. HTTP functions
XXXVIII. Hyperwave functions
XXXIX. Hyperwave API functions
XL. iconv functions
XLI. Image functions
XLII. IMAP, POP3 and NNTP functions
XLIII. Informix functions
XLIV. InterBase functions
XLV. Ingres II functions
XLVI. IRC Gateway Functions
XLVII. PHP / Java Integration
XLVIII. LDAP functions
XLIX. Mail functions
L. mailparse functions
LI. Mathematical Functions
LII. Multi-Byte String Functions
LIII. MCAL functions
LIV. Mcrypt Encryption Functions
LV. MCVE Payment Functions
LVI. Mhash Functions
LVII. Mimetype Functions
LVIII. Microsoft SQL Server functions
LIX. Ming functions for Flash
LX. Miscellaneous functions
LXI. mnoGoSearch Functions
LXII. mSQL functions
LXIII. MySQL Functions
LXIV. Mohawk Software session handler functions
LXV. muscat functions
LXVI. Network Functions
LXVII. Ncurses terminal screen control functions
LXVIII. Lotus Notes functions
LXIX. Unified ODBC functions
LXX. Object Aggregation/Composition Functions
LXXI. Oracle 8 functions
LXXII. OpenSSL functions
LXXIII. Oracle functions
LXXIV. Ovrimos SQL functions
LXXV. Output Control Functions
LXXVI. Object property and method call overloading
LXXVII. PDF functions
LXXVIII. Verisign Payflow Pro functions
LXXIX. PHP Options&Information
LXXX. POSIX functions
LXXXI. PostgreSQL functions
LXXXII. Process Control Functions
LXXXIII. Program Execution functions
LXXXIV. Printer functions
LXXXV. Pspell Functions
LXXXVI. GNU Readline
LXXXVII. GNU Recode functions
LXXXVIII. Regular Expression Functions (Perl-Compatible)
LXXXIX. qtdom functions
XC. Regular Expression Functions (POSIX Extended)
XCI. Semaphore, Shared Memory and IPC Functions
XCII. SESAM database functions
XCIII. Session handling functions
XCIV. Shared Memory Functions
XCV. Shockwave Flash functions
XCVI. SNMP functions
XCVII. Socket functions
XCVIII. String functions
XCIX. Sybase functions
C. Tokenizer functions
CI. URL Functions
CII. Variable Functions
CIII. vpopmail functions
CIV. W32api functions
CV. WDDX Functions
CVI. XML parser functions
CVII. XML-RPC functions
CVIII. XSLT functions
CIX. YAZ functions
CX. YP/NIS Functions
CXI. Zip File Functions (Read Only Access)
CXII. Zlib Compression Functions
V. Extending PHP 4.0
24. Overview
25. Extension Possibilities
26. Source Layout
27. PHP's Automatic Build System
28. Creating Extensions
29. Using Extensions
30. Troubleshooting
31. Source Discussion
32. Accepting Arguments
33. Creating Variables
34. Duplicating Variable Contents: The Copy Constructor
35. Returning Values
36. Printing Information
37. Startup and Shutdown Functions
38. Calling User Functions
39. Initialization File Support
40. Where to Go from Here
41. Reference: Some Configuration Macros
42. API Macros
43. Streams API for PHP Extension Authors
Streams Basics
Streams Common API Reference
Streams Dir API Reference
Streams File API Reference
Streams Socket API Reference
Streams Structures
Streams Constants
VI. FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
44. General Information
45. Mailing lists
46. Obtaining PHP
47. Database issues
48. Installation
49. Build Problems
50. Using PHP
51. PHP and HTML
52. PHP and COM
53. PHP and other languages
54. Migrating from PHP 2 to PHP 3
55. Migrating from PHP 3 to PHP 4
56. Miscellaneous Questions
VII. Appendixes
A. History of PHP and related projects
B. Migrating from PHP 3 to PHP 4
C. Migrating from PHP/FI 2 to PHP 3
D. Debugging PHP
E. Extending PHP
F. List of Function Aliases
G. List of Reserved Words
H. List of Resource Types
I. List of Supported Protocols/Wrappers
J. List of Parser Tokens
K. About the manual
L. Missing Stuff